|Number of Seeds||100 seeds|
|Spacing in Row||12 inches|
|Spacing Between Rows||18 to 36 inches|
|Planting Depth||¾ to 1 inch|
|Days to Germination||10 to 14|
|Days to Maturity||100|
|Height at Maturity||5 to 7 feet|
|Width at Maturity||18 to 24 inches|
Direct sow after frost in a spot where you'd like a tall plant with dramatic impact. This queen casts shade, so consider smaller plants in the vicinity when planting. Good soil and plenty of water result in the largest plants, but sunflowers are tenacious and succeed in less than ideal conditions. To save seeds, cover ripe flower heads with paper bags; this will keep the birds off.
Art by Lisa Perrin. Lisa is a recent college graduate and illustrator. Her botanical Elizabethan monarch, like many of her portraits, mixes familiar elements from the canon of classical art unexpected details.